In the Literature


Immigration and Contract Problems Experienced by Foreign-Educated Nurses (FENs)
P. Pittman, C. Herrera, J. Spetz, and C. Davis
Medical Care Research and Review
February 2012


U.S.-Based Recruitment of Foreign-Educated Nurses: Implications for an Emerging Industry
P. Pittman, A. Folsom, and E. Bass
American Journal of Nursing
June 2010

Interview with Patricia Pittman, PhD, RN, author of “U.S.-Based Recruitment of Foreign-Educated Nurses: Implications for an Emerging Industry"
American Journal of Nursing
May 2010


Importing Educators: Causes and Consequences of International Teacher Recruitment
American Federation of Teachers
June 2009


Out of Order Out of Time: The State of the Nation's Health Workforce
Association of Academic Health Centers

The Lancet Special Issue
Vol. 371, No. 9613
February 2008


Facilitating Acculturation of Foreign-Educated
E. Ea
OJIN: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
Vol. 13, No. 1
November 2007

How A Long Island Nursing Home Empire Got Its Way: Were promises broken?
M. Amon and R. Ochs.
September 2007

International Migration of Nurses
Health Services Research Special Issue
Vol. 42, No.3.2
June 2007

U.S.-based International Nurse Recruitment: Structure and Practices of a Burgeoning Industry
P. Pittman, A. Folsom, E. Bass, and K. Leonhardy
November, 2007

What Works: Healing the Healthcare Staffing Shortage
Pricewaterhouse Coopers' Health Research Institute


A New Database of Health Professional Emigration from Africa
M. Clemens and G. Patterson
The Center for Global Development
August 2006

The World Health Report 2006 - Working Together for Health
World Health Organization


An Action Plan to Prevent Brain Drain: Building Equitable Health Systems in Africa
E. Friedman
Physicians for Human Rights
June 2004

Human Resources for Health: Overcoming the Crisis
Joint Learning Initiative

Imported Care: Recruiting Foreign Nurses to U.S. Health Care Facilities
B. Brush, et al.
Health Affairs
Vol. 23, No. 3

Migration of Health-Care Workers from Developing Countries: Strategic Approaches to Its Management
B. Stilwell, et al.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Vol. 82

The Migration of Nurses: Trends and Policies
J. Buchan and J. Sochalski
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Vol. 82